Future of Millennium Development Goals in 2015 and Pakistan's achievement

“The Millennium Development Goals have shown that we can make profound differences in people’s life”
—UN-Secretary – General Ban ki Moon

Status of Millennium Development Goals 2015 — Pakistan

Pakistan has adopted 16 targets and 41 indicators against which progress towards achieving the Eight Goals of MDGs is measured. Time series data available for 33 of these indicators reveal that Pakistan is on-track to achieve the targets on 9 indicators whereas its progress on 244 indicators is off-track.

Pakistan Initial Value Last Value 2015 Target Achieving Target In
Goal: Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger
· Poverty head count ratio at $1.25 a day
· Malnutrition prevalence weight for age (% children under 5)
64.7
39.0
12.7
30.9
32.4
19.5
Achieved
After 2025
Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Equation
· Total enrollment, primary (%net)
· Primary completion rate
· Persistence to last grade of primary (Total)
56.2
61.2
69.7
72.5
71.9
61.0
95.0
95.0
95.0
2022
2025
2025
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality Empower Women
· Ratio male to female primary enrollment
· Ration male to female secondary enrollment
· Ratio male to female tertiary enrollment
53.3
No data
40.4
87.2
No data
95.5
95
-
95
2015
-
2015
Goal 4: Resource Child Mortality Rate
· Mortality rate under 5
· Mortality rate, infant
138.6
106.1
85.5
69.0
46.2
35.4
2025
2025
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health
· Contraceptive prevalence
· Mortality maternal rate
14.5
400.5
29.0
170.0
95.0
100.0
2025
2025
Goal 6: Combat HIV / Aids other
· Incidence of Tb
· Tb case detection rate
· Prevalence of HIV, total
231
61
0.1
231
65
0.1
Reverse trend
Reverse trend
Reverse trend
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
· Forest area
· Territorial protected area
· Co2 emission
3.3
10.1
0.3
2.1
10.7
0.2
Reverse trend
Reverse trend
Reverse trend
Goal 8: Develop Global Partnership for Development
· Total debt services
· Telephone line
· Mobile cellular subscriptions
27.4
0.8
0.0
14.9
3.5
70.1
9.1
50.0
95.0
2018
2025

1) Eradicate Poverty And Hunger:
In MDG 1, progress on all indicators is lagging. The head count poverty (caloric plus basic needs) in Pakistan, though decreasing from 34% in 2000-01 to 2005-06 is lagging behind the target of 13%. One of the situations where things have worsened in past 4 years is the proportion of population below minimum level of energy consumption which stood at 58% in 2010/11, owing to two digit inflation (and even higher food inflation) over the last 4 years which has significantly decreased the purchasing power of the poor.

2) Achieve Universal Primary Education:
Pakistan’s progress has also been severely lagging in Goal 2 achieving, universal primary education as it is off track in achieving the target set for 2015 in all three indicators. In particular the completion/ survival rate seems to have declined rapidly in recent years implying that more than a quarter of the students enrolled in the primary school do not complete their education. Pakistan’s literacy rate, though having improved marginally over the years remain considerably short of the MDG target of 88% by 2015 at 58%, and closer inspection reveals large gender and rural urban disparities.

3) Promote Gender Equality & Empower women:
In the MDG area of promoting gender equality and empowering women (MDGs), Pakistan has achieved one of the highest ratios of women parliamentarians in the South Asia region. The proportion of women in national parliament is 22.2%. Apart from this, it can also be noted that on 3 out of 4 indicators progress is lagging. These include gender parity index for youth literary, secondary and primary education.

4) Reduce Child Mortality:
In MDG 4, Pakistan has also achieved its target for the proportion of children under five who suffered from diarrhea in the last month and received ORT, and is on track to meet its target for the Lady Health Workers coverage of target population in 2015.

5) Improve Maternal Health:
Closely linked to MDG4 is MDG5, improving maternal health, for which Pakistan has a considerable distance to go to meet the MDG targets by 2015, especially in reducing the maternal mortality ratio and increasing the proportion of birth attended by skilled health personnel.

6) Combat HIV / Aids, malaria and other disease:
In light of MDG 6, as the prevalence of HIV among the population has been historically low, Pakistan has surpassed the target for reducing HIV prevalence among 15-24 years old pregnant women and vulnerable groups. Progress in the proportion of TB cases detected and cured with ORS, on indicator for MDG 6, is on track with Pakistan expected to achieve its target for 2015.

7) Ensure Environmental sustainability:
With regards to MDG 7, Pak has achieved the target of access to improved water resources when three sources of improved water are taken into account: tap water, hand pumps and electronic motor propelled water. Pakistan has also surpassed its target of converting 0.920 million of vehicles on Compressed National Gas (CNG) with more than 2.8 million vehicles reported to meet the target for land protection for the conservation of wildlife a percentage of total land area, an indicator for MO7.

8) Develop a Global Partnership for development:
Goal 8 envisages fostering cooperation at the bilateral and multilateral level for attaining the MDGs in the resources constrained countries like Pakistan. Assistance at 0.25% has fell short of their commitment of 0.7% of their GDP. Pakistan’s current account deficit (almost 5.0% of GDP) for an extended period of one decade; rising real cost of borrowing; stagnant exports; and a declining flow of foreign exchange have contributed to an accumulation of external debt in the 1990’s. A major contribution to the increase in stock of outstanding debt has stemmed from the financing provided by the IMF Standby Agreement. The debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services increased from 14.4% in 1990-91 to 28.5% in 2010-14.