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    Role of education in character-building of a nation

    Q. What is the role of education in character-building of a nation? Highlight major pitfalls in Pakistan’s education:

    Role of education in character-building of a nation.
    Pitfalls in Pakistan’s Education System

    · Multiple System of Education
    · Purposeless Education
    · Lack of Professional Teachers
    · Lack of Educational Budget
    · Outdated Syllabus
    · Interference of Politicians
    · Role of Education Policies
    · Low Salaries & Rampant Corruption
    · Gender Discrimination & Regional Inequalities
    · Poor Examination System
    · Secularization of Education
    · Alarming Dropouts Rates
    · Lack of Basic Facilities
    · Administrative Issues
    · No Free Education
    · Conclusion

    Education plays the role of leadership in the society. The functions of the educational institutions are to develop the people physically, mentally, psychologically, socially and spiritually. It improves and promotes the economic, social, political and cultural life of the nation. Until now the role of secondary and college education in Pakistan has been simply preparation of tertiary education, which in the minds of most people means strictly a university education. All over the world universities are guiding and cooperating with the industrial and agricultural development organizations and they are developing their economies rapidly and meaningfully. There is a close link between education and development. In Pakistan, after more than six decades, the developmental indicators are not showing positive results. The participation rate at higher education is low comparatively to other countries of the region. There are problems of quality of staff, students’ library and laboratory, relevance with society needs, research facilities, financial crisis, and arts students more than science students, weaknesses of examination, ineffective governance and academic results are not a par with international standards.

    Role of Education in Character-building of a Nation:

    Claiborne Pell says,
    “The strength of the United States is not the gold at Fort Knox or the weapons of mass destruction that we have, but the sum total of the education and the character of our people”.
    One of the fundamental goals of education should be the growth of character and personality.

    In this say, the words of Herbert Spencer go;
    “Education has for its object the formation of character.”

    To meet this end, students must be independent in thoughts and judgment. It would also widen their approach towards life and they will be able to comprehend, value and accommodate hostile ideas and opinions. Most of all, its purpose is to make students take interest in their environs and to do effort to make improvements and to introduce novelty to different spheres of life. Individual and group activities should be encouraged to build a strong and stable society. Education should be planned so to generate individuals who are competent to art and to ascertain their combined interests as a nation.

    The issues of making moral and ethical decisions are significant in these new times of rapid social, cultural, political, economic and technological change. Students will need to be guided into making moral and ethical choices. It is therefore imperative that schools take the lead in ‘teaching’ and ‘practicing’ sound moral values. The building of character through moral education should be strongly emphasized in school organization and curriculum so that upright, law-abiding citizens are produced who can live lives of moral significance.

    Drawbacks in Pakistan’s Education System:
    Today Pakistan is facing a number of problems i.e. poverty, insecurity, terrorism, sectarianism and many more and base provided to all these problems by lack of awareness, tolerance, and illiteracy, developed by ineffective educational system. The vital role and significance of education system is largely neglected in Pakistan. There are also some other factors responsible for instability in Pakistan but education is the crucial one. Education system of Pakistan is facing some serious problems. Though 67 years have been past and 23 policies and actions planned have been introduced, yet the education sector is waiting for solution of its problem. These are as follows:

    1. Multiple System of Education.
    Today our education system does not offer the environment and opportunity of one and equal system of education. We have a very divisive education system which has created a huge gap among the nation and penetrated deeply into our culture. Thus different tiers have been created in our system over a period of 67 years to facilitate the hold of the elite over the governing of our nation. There are many systems working in the country, resulting in social division and conflict. Today our multiple tier education system can be highlighted in the following categories:

    Cambridge Education System is exclusively for the children of very rich so that they can after graduation go overseas for higher education on the foreign exchange provided to them by Pakistan State Bank. They have little or no awareness of their religion and culture.

    Pakistan Secondary Education System is provided by private and government schools, one for the middle class and other for the poor. The one for the middle class has medium instruction in English and the other one in Urdu. The children from these institutions, if they happen to have good grades and the parental financial capital go to the colleges of their preference and the rest either become clerk, cashiers, sales person in a shop / worker in the factory / or any other work which comes in their way.

    Madressah Education System is supposed to provide religious education; however, poverty is another factor that restricts the parents to send their children to public or private school so that they prefer to send their children to madressah where education is free. Religious madrassahs churn out yet another class that is usually unaware of the world outside their own.

    2. Purposeless Education:
    Education develops the roots of any nation. Any nation prepares their generation according to their ideological, cultural, social, and religious norms through education. But the education system of Pakistan is entirely aimless. It would probably be more correct to say that its sole aim to produce manpower for running the administration which is inherited by Pakistan from colonial system. Our education system is producing goods for no means and use. Socially, culturally, and politically unrest is caused by improper education of our new generation who can play a role a weapon for development of country. Our education system did not preserve our social cultural and religious norms in 21st century where western countries have made huge advancement towards science and technology, we are still lagging behind in them in respective field. Our system is not imparting knowledge. Development of thinking, reasoning and talent creation is missing.

    3. Lack of Professional Teachers:
    The main reason of the failure of our educational system is grooming of less technical faculty. Our methods have been stereotyped and new techniques of teaching and materials to make lessons more interesting to the students have not been adopted. Most of our teachers joined teaching just a job to earn their livelihood. Cramming is part and parcel of our academic calendar, students are asked to spoon feed the technical terms instead of perceiving their fundamental concept, emphasize is given on amount than on logic. Over these years education department have hardly spend any funds on advance coaching of their faculty staff which still stuck in the old age teaching techniques and unaware of modern methods of teaching and convincing students through sheer knowledge. Students are not able to use library and other modern educational facilities nor are they able to get helped from teachers. Rote learning is common practice both because of the educational tradition and because of lack of effective teaching method.

    4. Lack of Education Budget:
    The share of public education expenditure in national budgets increased in m any regional countries but it has declined in Pakistan. According the International Crisis Group, Pakistan is one of only 12 countries in the world that spends less than 2 percent of its GDP on education. According to Economic Survey of Pakistan (2012-2013), Pakistan spends 1.9% of its GDP on education sector. Less than 50 percent of the funds allocated for development expenditure of the Ministry of Education at the federal level are actually utilized. A major reason for this underutilization of funds is their complex financial allocation and release system. The province lacks the financial resources to achieve the goal of universally primary education.

    5. Outdated Syllabus:
    Pakistan emphasizes more on quantity not on quality which is making things more badly for our future generations. The curriculum of our education system is not based on its objectives to create the power of reasoning in a child. It has no direct connection with the practical life which the students will have to face, when he becomes a mature person of the society. Our curriculum is not updated to compete with the rest of the world in modern education. Our national survival both in term of economy defense potentials depends entirely on the kind of education we provide to our children. The basic problem is that our curriculum is not promoting the interest of the student towards practical work and scientific knowledge.

    6. Interference of Politicians:
    Educational planning and administration suffered from a lack of ineffective feedback. Regular input enquiry from the bottom is lacking because our educational planning in administration is regularly effecting by unnecessary and uncalled political and bureaucratic intervention. A lot of political interferences are noted in the appointments and transfer and violations of merit. Pakistan has not been able to develop basic administration and infrastructure for an effective planning. Planning is based too much on the idea of political official and little grass root enrollment.

    7. Role of Education Policies:
    A number of educational policies were introduced from time to time by various regimes in the history of Pakistan for reforms but due to lack of implementation and inconsistency, it showed no result. Major policies decisions are made under threats from strongest pressure group or by the political leaders for their own political slogans rather than in keeping with the overall needs of the country. Little or no research is done on the implication of these policies and there long term costs. Similarly, there is hardly any harmonization between the federal and provincial governments which leads to poor policy implementation. There are also complaints that the government’s consultation with the non-state sector does not necessarily result in action. Teachers have also been generally ignored in the policy making process.

    8. Low Salaries & Rampant Corruption:
    Corruption is one of the major or contributing factors for failure of educational policy. It is due to lack of accountability and transparency along with low salaries of the staff. Similarly a large number of schools are operating in the records but do not actually exist, rose in record by some corrupt officials. There is also political, social, cultural and moral corruption found in our education system. Teachers poorly paid in the best of circumstances, made extra money by tutoring and payments of bribes. The ultimate corruption was the outright sale of bogus certificate and degree. For transferring and posting often required payment of bribes to government agencies.

    9. Gender Discrimination & Regional Inequalities:
    The adult female illiteracy rate in the country was twice as high as for males. The illiteracy rate was 23.3% for male and 46.9% for females. The number of educational institutions, the literacy rate among both males and females, the number of private educational institutions and the available educational facilities are not equally provided all over the country.

    10. Poor Examination System:
    Examinations are conducted to test the ability of a student and find out his standard of academic learning and knowledge. By the use of illegal practice in our examinations have become very widespread and spoiled its objectives. The problem of illegal practices concern the examiners, the invigilators, the students, the parents and examination board. The students look upon a degree as a passport to employment in a commercial commodity, which can be purchased if you pay the price. Unfortunately some parents also share same views and have actively helped their children in using unfair means to pass the examination but the most tragic part of the story is that our educationists has also been contaminated by the poison of this evil. Our poor examination system encourages rote learning and cramming. This system is criticized for its tendency to define education as the pursuit of high marks and not the development of intellectual power through learning. Our achievement and future performance is based on our examination system. This poor system spoiled our education standard. In Sindh and Balochistan, students are allowed to use their helping material like books and notes during paper timing.

    11. Secularization of Education:
    Any nation prepares their generation according to their ideology culture and religion through education. Pakistan is an ideological state based on Islamic Ideology but it is still unclear that what should be the Islamic content of our curriculum. Our system of education is not able to protect our religious norms and guide our new generation according to Islam. Despite highlighting technological and literal knowledge backwardness; government is concentrating on abolishing Islamic norms and values and hinders patriotism of Pakistani people.

    12. Alarming Dropouts Rates:
    The provision of providing basic education has been a since independence and enrolment have been increasing but percentage of student completing primary school has been falling. Only 30 percent of those enroll in primary education ever reach their matriculation exam. The major problem in our education is the large number of dropouts. It is estimated that it is mostly due to economic reason and unattractive school environment. Thus our school going children cannot even acquire the basic skill of learning and a number of them fall back into the category of illiterates.

    13. Lack of Basic Facilities:
    According to several reports, most of the educational institutions remain in a state of disrepair and lack even basic facilities resulting in substandard education. Over-crowded classroom, low standard and over-worked teachers, inadequate teaching material, ill equipped laboratories having poor staff, shortage of diaries with lack of modern books verities, lack of physical facilities and virtually crippled children under the dead weight of their curriculum are some of the usual site in educational institutes of Pakistan. Under such conditions they cannot be expected to achieve the standard expected from them.

    14. Administrative Issues:
    Though Pakistan has made some effort and improving the enrollment rates at the primary level, the achievement at present in this regard is still far below them other countries in the region. The present enrollment rate at Pakistan is 54 percent for males and 30 percent which is very low and comparison to the countries of the region which have by and large crossed the 100 percent mark for both male and female. Teacher’s absenteeism, untrained teacher, inadequate materials and obsolete teaching methods are the maiming reasons for low enrolment in schools. Most of the public schools are poorly managed, impart education of poor quality, and use poorly written textbooks and our curricula that are not relevant for the needs of the 21st century.

    Seeking of knowledge is the religious duty of every Muslim. To get it done is the biggest responsibility of the state. In our education system there is no free and compulsory education for the entire citizen available on equal bases. In the other counties of the region there is free and compulsory basic education in order to create discipline and feelings of common identity and integration; irrespective of their social and economic background.

    Education provides the base for socio-economic development. An educational system of poor quality may be one of the most important reasons why poor countries do not grow. In Pakistan, the quality of education is on the decline in spite of the fact that the present government has initiated drastic measures in uplifting the quality and quantity of education. Quality of teachers especially at primary level is still questionable. It is evident that without teacher’s transformation we cannot transform the education system for improving the quality of education. In this regard, a series of education reforms in the area of teacher education were introduced in the public sector but their vision seemed to be narrow, hence, they failed to make any substantial impact on the quality of teachers and teaching process. Eventually, it further affected the quality of education being offered in schools. Education system of Pakistan is facing new challenges. It has yet to be developed at par with other developing countries in the region.
    "Imagination is more important than knowledge"

  2. #2
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2016
    In my opinion, education plays almost the major role in a person's future! check for more information of education importance!



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