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  1. #1

    What is meant by IRON CURTAIN?

    The Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. The term symbolized efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its satellite states from open contact with the west and non-Soviet-controlled areas. On the east side of the Iron Curtain were the countries that were connected to or influenced by the Soviet Union. On either side of the Iron Curtain, states developed their own international economic and military alliances:

    Member countries of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and the Warsaw Pact, with the Soviet Union as the leading state
    Member countries of the European Community and/or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and with the United States as the leading country
    Physically, the Iron Curtain took the form of border defenses between the countries of Europe in the middle of the continent. The most notable border was marked by the Berlin Wall and its Checkpoint Charlie which served as a symbol of the Curtain as a whole.

    The events that demolished the Iron Curtain started in discontent in Poland,and continued in Hungary, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. Romania was the only communist state in Europe to violently overthrow its totalitarian government.
    Last edited by frankenstein; 22nd May 2015 at 12:54 PM.

  2. #2

    Iron Curtain
    was the political, military, and ideological barrier erected by the Soviet Union after World War II to seal off itself and its dependent eastern and central 'European' allies from open contact with the West and other non-communist areas
    The term Iron Curtain had been in occasional and varied use as a metaphor since the 19th century.
    But it came to prominence only after it was used by the former British prime minister Winston Churchill in a speech at Fulton, Missouri, U.S., on March 5, 1946, when he said of the communist states, “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.”



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