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    Post General Ability and Science

    GENERAL SCIENCE & ABILITY

    100 MARKS



    Part-I (General Science) 60 Marks



    I. Physical Sciences

    Constituents and Structure:-Universe, Galaxy, Light Year, Solar System, Sun, Earth, Astronomical System of Units.
    Process of Nature: - Solar and Lunar Eclipses, Rotation and Revolution, Weather Variables (Global Temperature, Pressure, Circulation, Precipitation, Humidity) and Weather Variations.
    Natural Hazards and Disasters: - Earth Quake, Volcanic Eruption, Tsunami, Floods, Avalanche, Travelling Cyclone (Tropical Cyclone, Middle Latitude Cyclone and Tornadoes), Drought, Wildfire, Urban Fire. Disaster Risk Management.
    Energy Resources: - Sources of Energy (Renewable i.e. LED Energy, Solar Energy, Wind Energy and Non-Renewable Energy conservation and its sustainable use.
    Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Electromagnetic Radiations.
    Modern Materials/Chemicals: - Ceramics, Plastics, Semiconductors. Antibiotics, Vaccines, Fertilizers, Pesticides.

    II. Biological Sciences

    The Basis of Life: - Cell Structures and Functions (Subcellular Organelles such as
    Nucleus, Mitochondria and Ribosomes).
    Biomolecules: - Proteins, Lipids, Carbohydrates and Enzymes.
    Plant and Animal Kingdom: - A brief survey of plant and animal kingdom to pinpoint similarities and diversities in nature.
    A Brief Account of Human Physiology.
    Common Diseases and Epidemics: - Polio, Diarrhea, Malaria, Hepatitis, Dengue their Causes and Prevention.
    New Model Concept of Producing BIO Fuel Method

    III. Environmental Science

    Environment: - The Atmosphere (Layered Structure and Composition), Hydrosphere (Water Cycle, Major Water Compartments), Biosphere (Major Biomes) and Lithosphere (Minerals and Rocks, Rock Types, Plate Tectonics).
    Atmospheric Pollution: - Types, Sources, Causes and effects of major air pollutants (COx, Particulate Matter, NOx, SOx, Tropospheric Ozone, Volatile Organic Compounds, Dioxins). Regional and Global air pollution issues (Acid-rain, Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming). International agreements on air pollution control (Montreal Protocol and Kyoto Protocol).
    Water Pollution:- Types, sources, causes and effects of major water pollutants (Synthetic Organic Chemicals, Oxygen Demanding Wastes, Plant Nutrients, Thermal Pollution, Infectious Agents, Sediments, Radioactivity, Heavy Metals and Acids). Drinking water quality and standards.
    Land Pollution: - Solid waste management and disposal.



    ∑ Role of Remote Sensing and GIS in Environmental Science.
    ∑ Population Planning.


    IV. Food Science

    Concept of Balance Diet: - Vitamins, Carbohydrates, Protein, Fats and oil, Minerals, Fiber.

    Quality of Food:- Bioavailability of Nutrients, Appearance, Texture, Flavor, Quality of Packed and Frozen Food, Food Additives, Preservatives and Antioxidants

    Food Deterioration and its Control: - Causes of Food Deterioration, Adulteration, Food Preservation.


    V. Information Technology

    Computer (Hardware & Software Fundamentals); I/O Processing and data storage, Networking & Internet Standards, Application and business Software, Social Media Websites. Information Systems. Fundamentals of artificial intelligence.
    Telecommunications: - Basics of Wireless Communication (Mobile, Satellite, Surveillance and GPS and Fiber Optic etc.


    Part-II (General Ability) 40 Marks



    VI. Quantitative Ability/Reasoning

    ∑ Basic Mathematical Skills.

    ∑ Concepts and ability to reasons quantitatively and solve problems in a quantitative setting.

    ∑ Basic Arithmetic, Algebra and Geometry (Average, Ratios, Rates, Percentage, Angles, Triangles, Sets, Remainders, Equations, Symbols, Rounding of Numbers

    ∑ Random Sampling

    VII. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Reasoning/Ability

    Logical Reasoning includes the process of using a rational, systematic series of steps based on sound mathematical procedures and given statements to arrive at a conclusion

    Analytical Reasoning/Ability includes visualizing, articulating and solving both complex and uncomplicated problems and concepts and making decisions that are sensible based on available information, including demonstration of the ability to apply logical thinking to gathering and analyzing information.

    VIII. Mental Abilities

    ∑ Mental Abilities Scales that measures specific constructs such as verbal, mechanical, numerical and social ability.




    SUGGESTED READINGS

    S. No. Title Authors
    1. Asimov's New Guide to Science 1993 Isaac Asimov
    2. Science Restated: Physics and Chemistry for the Non-Scientist 1970 Harold Gomes Cassidy
    3. Eminent Muslim Scientists 1991 S. Fakhre Alam Naqvi
    4. Exploring Life Science 1975 Walter A. Thurber, Robert
    E. Kilburn, Peter S. Howell
    5. Exploring Physical Science 1977 Walter A. Thurber, Robert
    E. Kilburn, Peter S. Howell
    6. Principles of Animal Biology 2011 Lancelot Hogben
    7. The Impact of Science on Society 2005 Isaac Asimov, A. S. a. N. A. S. a.
    8. Fundamentals of Forensic Science 2010 Max M. Houck, Jay A. Siegal
    9. Forensic Science Fundamentals & Investigation 2008 Anthony J. Bertino
    10. Physical Geography 2013 Harm J. de Blij, Peter O. Muller, James E. Burt, Joseph A. Mason
    11. Physical Geography-Science and Systems of the Human Environment 2009 Alan H. Strahler, Arthur N. Strallar.
    12. Introduction to Information Technology 2005 I. T. L. Education Solutions
    Limited, Itl.
    13. Management Information Systems 2014 Ken Sousa, Effy Oz
    14. Fundamentals of Telecommunications 2005 Roger L. Freeman
    15. Basics of Environmental Science 2002 Michael Allaby
    16. Food Science 1998 Norman N. Potter, Joseph
    H. Hotchkiss
    17. Environmental Science: Systems and
    Solutions. 5th ed. 2013
    Michael L. McKinney, Robert Schoch and Logan Yonavjak
    18. Environmental Science: A Global Concern
    2012
    William P. Cunningham, Barbara Woodworth Saigo
    Books for Logical Reasoning
    19. Logical Reasoning Rob P. Nederpelt, Farouz
    D. Kamareddine
    20. Elements of Logical Reasoning Jan Von Plato
    21. Reasoning Builder for Admission and
    Standardized Test
    Staff of Research
    Education
    22. Test of Reasoning Thorpe
    23. Mental Ability Dr. Lal & Jain
    24. The Brain Book: Know Your Own Mind and
    How to Use it
    Edgar Thorpe
    Last edited by Shehzad; 18th April 2015 at 11:33 AM.

 

 

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