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    Philosophy- CSS Syllabus


    100 MARKS

    I. Introduction:

    Definition, Nature and Scope of Philosophy

    II. Philosophical Methods:

    Socratic Method (Socrates); Inductive Method (Bacon, Mill); Deductive Method
    (Aristotle, Descartes); Dialectical Method (Hegel); Fallibilistic Method (Popper)

    III. Epistemology: Rationalism (Plato, Descartes, Spinoza); Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume); Transcendentalism (Kant); Intuitionism (Bergsonl)

    IV. Ontology: Idealism (Plato, Berkeley); Representative Realism (Locke); Materialism

    V. Muslim Thinkers: Allama Iqbal., Imam Ghazali, Al-Farabi, Ibn-e- Sina, Ibn-e- Khaldun, Ibn-e-Rushid, Shah Wali Ullah

    VI. Ethics: What is morality? The challenge of cultural relativism: Does morality depend on religion. Psychological and ethical egoism: Virtue Ethics (Aristotle), Moral Absolutism (Kant), Utilitarianism (Mill), Social Contract Theory.

    VII. Contemporary Philosophical Movements:

    Existentialism (Heidegger, Sartre); Pragmatism (Peirce, James, Dewey); Neo- pragmatism (Rorty); Postmodernism (Lyotard, Foucault, Derrida)


    S.No. Title Author
    1. History of Western Philosophy Bertrand Russell
    2. Philosophy: The Power of Ideas Brooke Noel Moore & Kenneth Bruder
    3. Elements of Moral Philosophy James Rachels
    4. Existentialism & Human Emotions. Philosophical
    Jean Paul Sartre
    5. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge Jean-Francois Lyotard
    6. Descartes to Derrida: An Introduction to European
    Peter Sedgwick
    7. Continental Philosophy in the 20th Century Richard Kearney
    8. A Short History of Modern Philosophy Roger Scruton
    9. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy ( Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy ( Internet Resources
    Last edited by Shehzad; 18th April 2015 at 03:48 PM.



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