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    Complete list of CSS English Pair of Words

    Pair of Words from CSS Past Papers



    Pair of Words (1972)

    Consciousness:
    Meaning: the state of understanding and realizing something.
    Use in sentence: Her consciousness that she's different makes her feel uneasy.

    Conscientiousness:
    Meaning: putting a lot of effort into your work/ controlled by or done according to conscience
    Use in sentence: She has always been a very conscientious worker.

    Ingenious:
    Meaning: very clever and skilful
    Use in sentence: She was ingenious at finding ways to work more quickly.

    Ingenuous:
    Meaning: honest, sincere and trusting
    Use in sentence: It has to be said it was rather ingenuous of him to ask a complete stranger to look after his luggage.

    Fantastic:
    Meaning: extremely good
    Use in sentence: You look fantastic in that dress.

    Fanatical:
    Meaning: describes someone whose admiration for something is considered to be extreme or unreasonable
    Use in sentence: His enthusiasm for aerobics was almost fanatical.

    Honourable:
    Meaning: a title used before the name of some government officials
    Use in sentence: The Honourable Andrew Robinson

    Honorary:
    Meaning: given as an honour to someone
    Use in sentence: She received an honorary doctorate from Oxford University in recognition of her work for the homeless.






    Pair of Words (1974)

    Placable:
    Meaning: to stop from being angry
    Use in sentence: The Canaanites had many gods and they ran here, there and everywhere to placate these gods.

    Placeable:
    Meaning: capable of being recognized
    Use in sentence: An easy thing you could do is making clocks placeable on walls.

    Restive:
    Meaning: unwilling to be controlled or be patient
    Use in sentence: The audience was becoming restive as they waited for the performance to begin.

    Restless:
    Meaning: unwilling or unable to stay still or to be quiet and calm, because you are worried or bored
    Use in sentence: He's a restless type - he never stays in one country for long.







    Pair of Words (1975)

    Amiable:
    Meaning: describes a person or their behavior that is pleasant and friendly
    Use in sentence: So amiable was the mood of the meeting that a decision was soon reached.

    Amicable:
    Meaning: relating to behavior between people that is pleasant often despite a difficult situation
    Use in sentence: His manner was perfectly amicable but I felt uncomfortable.

    Considerable:
    Meaning: large or of noticeable importance
    Use in sentence: The fire caused considerable damage to the church.

    Considerate:
    Meaning: kind and helpful
    Use in sentence: She promises to be quieter and more considerate in future.

    Ingenious:
    Meaning: very clever and skillful
    Use in sentence: She was ingenious at finding ways to work more quickly.

    Ingenuous:
    Meaning: honest, sincere and trusting
    Use in sentence: It has to be said it was rather ingenuous of him to ask a complete stranger to look after his luggage.

    Momentary:
    Meaning: lasting for a very short time
    Use in sentence: Be careful not to make even momentary short circuits with metal tools.

    Momentous:
    Meaning: very important because of effects on future events
    Use in sentence: Whether or not to move overseas was a momentous decision for the family.

    Pair of Words (1976)

    Par:
    Meaning: the same as or equal to someone or something
    Use in sentence: The regeneration of the city's downtown dock front will put it on a par with Nice or Cannes.

    At a par:
    Meaning: A term that refers to a bond, preferred stock or other debt obligation that is trading at its face value.
    Use in sentence: Due to ever-changing interest rates, financial instruments almost never trade exactly at par..

    Compliment:
    Meaning: remark that expresses approval, admiration or respect
    Use in sentence: I take it as a compliment when people say I look like my mother.

    Complement:
    Meaning: to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it
    Use in sentence: The music complements her voice perfectly.

    Complacent:
    Meaning: Satisfied
    Use in sentence: We can't afford to become complacent about any of our
    products.
    Complaisant:
    Meaning: willing to please; affably agreeable; obliging
    Use in sentence: Can we really sit back and watch the suffering of a whole nation and be so complaisant?
    State:
    Meaning: a country or its government
    Use in sentence: Britain is one of the member states of the European Union.
    Government:
    Meaning: the group of people who officially control a country
    Use in sentence: The government is expected to announce its/their tax proposals today.



    Pair of Words (1977)

    Bear:
    Meaning: to accept, tolerate or endure especially something unpleasant
    Use in sentence: It's your decision - you must bear the responsibility if things go wrong.

    Bare:
    Meaning: without any clothes or not covered by anything
    Use in sentence: Don't walk around outside in your bare feet.

    Complacent:
    Meaning: Satisfied
    Use in sentence: We can't afford to become complacent about any of our products.

    Complaisant:
    Meaning: willing to please; affably agreeable; obliging
    Use in sentence: Can we really sit back and watch the suffering of a whole nation and be so complaisant?

    Confident:
    Meaning: having confidence
    Use in sentence: Be a bit more confident in yourself!

    Confidant:
    Meaning: a person you trust and share your feelings and secrets with
    Use in sentence: Within a few short years he was a trusted confidant.

    Disease:
    Meaning: illness of people, animals, plants, etc.
    Use in sentence: Starvation and diseases have killed thousands of refugees.

    Decease:
    Meaning: a person's death
    Use in sentence: The house will not be yours till after your mother's decease.






    Pair of Words (1978)

    Affection:
    Meaning: a feeling of liking for a person or place
    Use in sentence: He had a deep affection for his aunt.

    Affectation:
    Meaning: behavior or speech that is not sincere
    Use in sentence: She has so many little affectations.

    Urban:
    Meaning: of or in a city or town
    Use in sentence: The development is clearly urban in character, but lacks local shops and facilities.

    Urbane:
    Meaning: confident, comfortable and polite in social situations
    Use in sentence: He was always well informed and brought an urbane authority to everything he did.

    Official:
    Meaning: relating to a position of responsibility
    Use in sentence: He visited China in his official capacity as America's trade representative.

    Officious:
    Meaning: too eager to tell people what to do and having too high an opinion of your own importance
    Use in sentence: He's an officious little man and widely disliked in the company.

    Beside:
    Meaning: at the side of, next to
    Use in sentence: Come and sit here beside me.

    Besides:
    Meaning: in addition to; also
    Use in sentence: Do you play any other sports besides football and basketball?







    Pair of Words (1979)

    Barbarism:
    Meaning: extremely cruel and unpleasant behavior
    Use in sentence: He witnessed some appalling acts of barbarism during the war.

    Barbarity:
    Meaning: behavior that is very cruel, or a very cruel act
    Use in sentence: This barbarity must cease!

    Artist:
    Meaning: someone who paints, draws or makes sculptures
    Use in sentence: Monet is one of my favorite artists.

    Artisan:
    Meaning: a person who does skilled work with his or her hands
    Use in sentence: They were concerned about the skilled artisan, not the factory masses.

    Antic:
    Meaning: funny, silly or strange behavior
    Use in sentence: But the rock-star whose stage antics used to include smashing guitars is older and wiser now.

    Antique:
    Meaning: something made in an earlier period and collected and valued because it is beautiful, rare, old or of high quality
    Use in sentence: My mother collects antiques.

    Illusion:
    Meaning: an idea or belief which is not true
    Use in sentence: He had no illusions about his talents as a singer.
    Allusion:
    Meaning: something that is said or written that is intended to make you think of a particular thing or person
    Use in sentence: Her novels are packed with literary allusions.





    Pair of Words (1981)



    Canvas:
    Meaning: a piece of cloth used by artists for painting on, usually with oil paints, or the painting itself
    Use in sentence: These two canvases by Hockney would sell for £500 000.

    Canvass:
    Meaning: to try to get political support or votes, especially by visiting all the houses in an area
    Use in sentence: I've been out canvassing for the Labor Party every evening this week.

    Cast:
    Meaning: to choose actors to play particular parts in a play, film or show
    Use in sentence: He was often cast as the villain.

    Caste:
    Meaning: a system of dividing Hindu society into classes, or any of these classes
    Use in sentence: The Indian government banned caste discrimination at independence from Britain in 1947.

    Appraise:
    Meaning: to examine someone or something in order to judge their qualities, success or needs
    Use in sentence: At the end of each teaching practice, trainee teachers are asked to appraise their own performance.

    Apprise:
    Meaning:
    to tell someone about something
    Use in sentence: The President has been apprised of the situation.




    Pair of Words (1982)

    Virtuous:
    Meaning: having good moral qualities and behavior
    Use in sentence: He described them as a virtuous and hard-working people.

    Virtual:
    Meaning: describes something that can be done or seen using a computer and therefore without going anywhere or talking to anyone
    Use in sentence: In tests, we have found the virtual machine runs at a reasonable speed.

    Exceptional:
    Meaning: much greater than usual, especially in skill, intelligence, quality, etc
    Use in sentence: The Company has shown exceptional growth over the past two years.

    Exceptionable:
    Meaning: offensive or upsetting
    Use in sentence: This action is normally only taken in exceptionable circumstances.
    (1983)
    Illusion:
    Meaning: an idea or belief which is not true
    Use in sentence: He had no illusions about his talents as a singer.

    Allusion:
    Meaning: something that is said or written that is intended to make you think of a particular thing or person
    Use in sentence: Her novels are packed with literary allusions.

    Ardor:
    Meaning: great enthusiasm or love
    Use in sentence: Similarly, the Japanese seem to have less ardor for luxury goods than in the boom years of the late 90s.



    Pair of Words (1983)

    Conquer:
    Meaning: to take control or possession of foreign land, or a group of people, by force
    Use in sentence: The Spanish conquered the New World in the 16th century.

    Concur:
    Meaning: to agree with someone or have the same opinion as someone else
    Use in sentence: The new report concurs with previous findings.

    Cite:
    Meaning: to mention something as proof for a theory or as a reason why something has happened
    Use in sentence: She cited three reasons why people get into debt.

    Site:
    Meaning: a place where something is, was, or will be built, or where something happened, is happening, or will happen
    Use in sentence: The council hasn’t yet chosen the site for the new hospital.
    Addict:
    Meaning: a person who cannot stop doing or using something, especially something harmful
    Use in sentence: There are a reported two million male cocaine addicts in the US.
    Edict:
    Meaning: an official order, especially one which is given in a forceful and unfair way
    Use in sentence: Most shops are ignoring the government's edict against Sunday trading.
    Proceed:
    Meaning: to continue as planned
    Use in sentence: His lawyers have decided not to proceed with the case.
    Precede:
    Meaning:
    to be or go before something or someone in time or space
    Use in sentence: It would be helpful if you were to precede the report with an introduction.

    Pair of Words (1983)

    Right:
    Meaning: correct
    Use in sentence: You got three answers right and two wrong.

    Rite:
    Meaning: a set of fixed words and actions
    Use in sentence: You have to go through an initiation rite before you become a full member.

    Weather:
    Meaning: the conditions in the air above the Earth such as wind, rain or temperature, especially at a particular time over a particular area
    Use in sentence: The weather in the hills can change very quickly, so take suitable clothing.

    Whether:
    Meaning: if, or not
    Use in sentence: I wasn't sure whether you'd like it.

    (1985)
    Eminent:

    Meaning: famous, respected or important
    Use in sentence: An eminent historian

    Imminent:
    Meaning:
    coming or likely to happen very soon
    Use in sentence: A strike is imminent.

    Deference:
    Meaning: respect and politeness
    Use in sentence: He treats her with such deference.

    Difference:
    Meaning: the way in which two or more things which you are comparing are not the same
    Use in sentence: What's the difference between an ape and a monkey?

    Pair of Words (1985)

    Eligible:
    Meaning: having the necessary qualities or satisfying the necessary conditions
    Use in sentence: Only people over 18 are eligible to vote.

    Illegible:
    Meaning: impossible or almost impossible to read because of being very untidy or not clear
    Use in sentence: His writing is almost illegible.

    Judicial:
    Meaning: involving a court of law
    Use in sentence: The defense team will seek a judicial review of the sentence.

    Judicious:
    Meaning: having or showing reason and good judgment in making decisions
    Use in sentence: We should make judicious use of the resources available to us.

    Superficial:
    Meaning: never thinking about things that are serious or important
    Use in sentence: He's fun to be with, but he's very superficial.

    Superfluous:
    Meaning: more than is needed or wanted
    Use in sentence: The report was marred by a mass of superfluous detail.
    Immigrant:
    Meaning: a person who has come to a different country in order to live there permanently
    Use in sentence: Illegal immigrants are sent back across the border if they are caught.
    Emigrant:
    Meaning: a person who emigrates
    Use in sentence: There was only a small number of emigrants on board.


    Pair of Words (1985)

    Contemptible:
    Meaning: deserving contempt
    Use in sentence: Her behavior was contemptible.

    Contemptuous:
    Meaning: expressing contempt
    Use in sentence: He was very contemptuous of 'popular' writers, whom he described as having no talent.

    Rightful:
    Meaning: A rightful position or claim is one which is morally or legally correct
    Use in sentence: Don't forget that I am the rightful owner of this house.

    Righteous:
    Meaning: morally correct
    Use in sentence: He was regarded as a righteous and holy man.

    Ingenious:
    Meaning: very clever and skillful
    Use in sentence: She was ingenious at finding ways to work more quickly.

    Ingenuous:
    Meaning: honest, sincere and trusting/ showing innocent or childlike simplicity and candidness
    Use in sentence: It has to be said it was rather ingenuous of him to ask a complete stranger to look after his luggage.
    (1986)
    Compliment:
    Meaning: remark that expresses approval, admiration or respect
    Use in sentence: I take it as a compliment when people say I look like my mother.
    Complement:
    Meaning: to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it
    Use in sentence: The music complements her voice perfectly.



    Pair of Words (1986)

    Outbreak:
    Meaning: a time when something suddenly begins, especially a disease or something else dangerous or unpleasant
    Use in sentence: Last weekend saw further thundery outbreaks.

    Breakout:
    Meaning: a violent escape, especially by a group, from prison
    Use in sentence: There has been a mass breakout from one of Germany's top security jails.

    Facilitate:
    Meaning: to make possible or easier
    Use in sentence: The current structure does not facilitate efficient work flow.

    Felicitate:
    Meaning: to wish happiness to; congratulate
    Use in sentence: Asian medal winners to be felicitated next Sunday.

    Proceed:
    Meaning: to continue as planned
    Use in sentence: His lawyers have decided not to proceed with the case.

    Precede:
    Meaning: to be or go before something or someone in time or space
    Use in sentence: It would be helpful if you were to precede the report with an introduction.
    Layout:
    Meaning: the way that something is arranged
    Use in sentence: I like the layout of the house.
    Outlay:
    Meaning:
    an amount of money spent for a particular purpose, especially as a first investment in something
    Use in sentence: For an initial outlay of £2000 to buy the equipment, you should be earning up to £500 a month if the product sells well.



    Pair of Words (1986)

    Cease:
    Meaning: to stop something
    Use in sentence: The Company has decided to cease all UK operations after this year.

    Seize:
    Meaning: to take something quickly and keep or hold it
    Use in sentence: I seized his arm and made him turn to look at me.

    Career:
    Meaning: a profession or occupation which one trains for and pursues as a lifework
    Use in sentence: Graduates may pursue careers in the public or private sector.

    Carrier:
    Meaning: a person or thing that carries something
    Use in sentence: The parcels carriers used by most online retailers tend to be less flexible.

    Acculturate:
    Meaning: to undergo, or alter by acculturation
    Use in sentence: Today the Iroquois are highly acculturated, holding jobs in communities surrounding the reservations.
    Acclimatize:
    Meaning: to (cause to) change to suit different conditions of life, weather, etc
    Use in sentence: We found it impossible to acclimatize ourselves to the new working conditions.
    (1987)
    Disclosure:
    Meaning: the act of making something known or the fact that is made known
    Use in sentence: Any public disclosure of this information would be very damaging to the company.

    Exposure:
    Meaning: when something bad that someone has done is made public
    Use in sentence: The exposure of the minister's love affair forced him to resign.



    Pair of Words (1987)

    Rigorous:
    Meaning: very strict or harsh
    Use in sentence: We shall now proceed by making the discussion more rigorous.

    Vigorous:
    Meaning:
    very forceful or energetic
    Use in sentence: There has been vigorous opposition to the proposals for a new road.

    Custom:
    Meaning: a way of behaving or a belief which has been established for a long time
    Use in sentence: An ancient custom was for the oldest son to have a double portion of the inheritance.

    Habit:
    Meaning: something which you do often and regularly, sometimes without knowing that you are doing it
    Use in sentence: I always buy the same brand of toothpaste just out of habit.

    Peculiar:
    Meaning: unusual and strange, sometimes in an unpleasant way
    Use in sentence: She has the most peculiar ideas.

    Particular:
    Meaning: special, or this and not any other
    Use in sentence: She wanted a particular type of cactus.
    Prescribe:
    Meaning: to say what medical treatment someone should have
    Use in sentence: The drug is often prescribed for ulcers.
    Proscribe:
    Meaning: to not allow something
    Use in sentence: The Athletics Federation has banned the runner from future races for using proscribed drugs.


    Pair of Words (1987)

    Emigrant:
    Meaning: a person who emigrates
    Use in sentence: There was only a small number of emigrants on board.
    Continual:
    Meaning: happening repeatedly, usually in an annoying or not convenient way
    Use in sentence: I've had continual problems with this car ever since I bought it.

    Continuous:
    Meaning: without a pause or interruption
    Use in sentence: My computer makes a continuous low buzzing noise.


    Pair of Words (1988)


    Differ:
    Meaning: to be not like something or someone else, either physically or in another way
    Use in sentence: The twins look alike, but they differ in temperament.

    Defer:
    Meaning:
    to delay something until a later time; to postpone
    Use in sentence: My bank has agreed to defer the repayments on my loan while I'm still a student.

    Conduct:
    Meaning: to behave in a particular way, especially in a public or a formal situation, or to organize the way in which you live in a particular way
    Use in sentence: How should I conduct myself at these dinners? I know nothing about etiquette.

    Character:
    Meaning: the particular combination of qualities in a person or place that makes them different from others
    Use in sentence: Politeness is traditionally part of the British character.

    Considerable:
    Meaning: large or of noticeable importance
    Use in sentence: The fire caused considerable damage to the church.
    Considerate:
    Meaning: kind and helpful
    Use in sentence: She promises to be quieter and more considerate in future.

    Compliment:
    Meaning: remark that expresses approval, admiration or respect
    Use in sentence: I take it as a compliment when people say I look like my mother.
    Complement:
    Meaning:
    to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it
    Use in sentence: The music complements her voice perfectly.


    (1989)
    Collision:
    Meaning: an accident that happens when two vehicles hit each other with force
    Use in sentence: There has been a collision on the southbound stretch of the motorway.

    Collusion:
    Meaning: agreement between people to act together secretly or illegally in order to deceive or cheat someone
    Use in sentence: It is thought that they worked in collusion with the terrorist network.
    Verbal:
    Meaning:
    spoken rather than written
    Use in sentence: Airport officials received a stream of verbal abuse from angry passengers whose flights had been delayed.
    Verbose:
    Meaning: using or containing more words than are necessary
    Use in sentence: He was a notoriously verbose after-dinner speaker.

    Pair of Words (1989)

    Facilitate:
    Meaning: to make possible or easier
    Use in sentence: The current structure does not facilitate efficient work flow.

    Felicitate:
    Meaning:
    to wish happiness to; congratulate
    Use in sentence: Asian medal winners to be felicitated next Sunday.

    Consciousness:
    Meaning:
    the state of understanding and realizing something.
    Use in sentence: Her consciousness that she's different makes her feel uneasy.

    Conscientiousness:
    Meaning: putting a lot of effort into your work/ controlled by or done according to conscience
    Use in sentence: She has always been a very conscientious worker.

    Wave:
    Meaning: to raise your hand and move it from side to side as a way of greeting someone
    Use in sentence: I waved to him from the window but he didn't see me.

    Waive:
    Meaning: to give up or forgo (a right, claim, privilege, etc.)
    Use in sentence: The bank manager waived the charge as we were old and valued customers.

    Wreck:
    Meaning: to destroy or badly damage something
    Use in sentence: Our greenhouse was wrecked in last night's storm.

    Wreak:
    Meaning: to cause something to happen in a violent and often uncontrolled way
    Use in sentence: The recent storms have wreaked havoc on crops.



    Pair of Words (1989)

    Virtuous:
    Meaning: having good moral qualities and behavior
    Use in sentence: He described them as a virtuous and hard-working people.
    Virtual:
    Meaning: describes something that can be done or seen using a computer and therefore without going anywhere or talking to anyone
    Use in sentence: In tests, we have found the virtual machine runs at a reasonable speed.

    Flatter:
    Meaning: to praise someone in order to make them feel attractive or important, sometimes in a way that is not sincere
    Use in sentence: I knew he was only flattering me because he wanted to borrow some money.

    Flutter:
    Meaning: to make a series of quick delicate movements up and down or from side to side, or to cause something to do this
    Use in sentence: Brightly coloured flags were fluttering in the breeze.

    Deference:
    Meaning: respect and politeness
    Use in sentence: He treats her with such deference.

    Difference:
    Meaning: the way in which two or more things which you are comparing are not the same
    Use in sentence: What's the difference between an ape and a monkey?
    Humiliation:
    Meaning: to make someone feel ashamed or lose their respect for themselves
    Use in sentence: How could you humiliate me by questioning my judgment in front of everyone like that?
    Humility:
    Meaning: the quality of not being proud because you are conscious of your bad qualities
    Use in sentence: He doesn't have the humility to admit when he's wrong.

    Pair of Words (1990)

    Adept:
    Meaning: having a natural ability to do something that needs skill
    Use in sentence: She's very adept at dealing with the media.

    Adapt:
    Meaning: to change something to suit different conditions or uses
    Use in sentence: Many software companies have adapted popular programs to the new operating system.

    Adopt:
    Meaning:
    to choose or take as your own
    Use in sentence: Dr Kennedy has been adopted as the party's candidate for South Cambridge.

    Alleged:
    Meaning: said or thought by some people to be the stated bad or illegal thing
    Use in sentence: It took 15 years for the alleged criminals to prove their innocence.

    Accused:
    Meaning: the person who is on trial in a court or the people on trial in a court
    Use in sentence: The accused protested her innocence.

    Suspected:
    Meaning: to think or believe something to be true or probable
    Use in sentence: So far, the police do not suspect foul play.
    Bear:
    Meaning: to accept, tolerate or endure especially something unpleasant
    Use in sentence: It's your decision - you must bear the responsibility if things go wrong.
    Borne:
    Meaning: past participle of bear
    Use in sentence: The weight was more than could be borne by a lone man
    Born:
    Meaning: brought into life by birth
    Use in sentence: She was born in 1950.


    Raise:
    Meaning: to lift something to a higher position
    Use in sentence: Would all those in favor please raise their hands?


    Smell:
    Meaning: to have a particular quality that others can notice with their noses
    Use in sentence: That cake smells good.

    Stink:
    Meaning: to smell very unpleasant
    Use in sentence: The woman next to me sprayed on some perfume and stank up the whole shop

    Scent:
    Meaning: a pleasant natural smell
    Use in sentence: The scent of roses

    Least:
    Meaning: less than anything or anyone else; the smallest amount or number
    Use in sentence: This group is the least likely of the four to win.
    Less:
    Meaning: a smaller amount (of); not so much, or to a smaller degree
    Use in sentence: We must try to spend less money.
    Lest:
    Meaning: in order to prevent any possibility that something will happen
    Use in sentence: They were afraid to complain about the noise lest they annoyed the neighbors.

    Pair of Words (1990)

    Quiet:
    Meaning: making very little noise
    Use in sentence: It's so quiet without the kids here.

    Quite:
    Meaning: a little or a lot but not completely
    Use in sentence: I'm quite tired but I can certainly walk a little further.

    Their:
    Meaning: of or belonging to them
    Use in sentence: He gave them their coats.

    There:
    Meaning: that place
    Use in sentence: Put the chair there.

    They’re:
    Meaning: they are
    Use in sentence: They're so annoying.
    (1991)
    Access:
    Meaning: the method or possibility of getting near to a place or person, or the right to use or look at something
    Use in sentence: The only access to the village is by boat.
    Excess:
    Meaning: an amount which is more than acceptable, expected or reasonable
    Use in sentence: An excess of enthusiasm is not always a good thing.

    Ascent:
    Meaning: when someone or something climbs or moves upwards
    Use in sentence: As the plane made its ascent, we saw thick smoke coming from one engine.
    Accent:
    Meaning: the way in which people in a particular area, country or social group pronounce words
    Use in sentence: He's got a strong Scottish accent.

    Pair of Words (1991)

    Resources:
    Meaning: a useful or valuable possession or quality of a country, organization or person
    Use in sentence: The country's greatest resource is the dedication of its workers.

    Recourse:
    Meaning: using something or someone as a way of getting help, especially in a difficult or dangerous situation
    Use in sentence: It is hoped that the dispute will be settled without recourse to litigation.

    Weather:
    Meaning:
    the conditions in the air above the Earth such as wind, rain or temperature, especially at a particular time over a particular area
    Use in sentence: The weather in the hills can change very quickly, so take suitable clothing.

    Whether:
    Meaning: if, or not
    Use in sentence: I wasn't sure whether you'd like it.

    Premier:
    Meaning: best or most important
    Use in sentence: He's one of the nation's premier scientists.
    Premiere:
    Meaning: the first public performance of a play or any other type of entertainment
    Use in sentence: The world premiere of the opera will be at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York.
    Ingenious:
    Meaning: very clever and skillful
    Use in sentence: She was ingenious at finding ways to work more quickly.
    Ingenuous:
    Meaning: honest, sincere and trusting/ showing innocent Use in sentence: It has to be said it was rather ingenuous of him to ask a complete stranger to look after his luggage.

    Pair of Words (1991)

    Facilitate:
    Meaning: to make possible or easier
    Use in sentence: The current structure does not facilitate efficient work flow.

    Felicitate:
    Meaning: to wish happiness to; congratulate
    Use in sentence: Asian medal winners to be felicitated next Sunday.

    Conscious:
    Meaning: to notice that a particular thing or person exists or is present
    Use in sentence: I think she's very conscious of being the only person in the office who didn't have a university education.

    Conscientious:
    Meaning: putting a lot of effort into your work/ controlled by or done according to conscience
    Use in sentence: She has always been a very conscientious worker.

    Disease:
    Meaning:
    illness of people, animals, plants, etc.
    Use in sentence: Starvation and diseases have killed thousands of refugees.

    Decease:
    Meaning: a person's death
    Use in sentence: The house will not be yours till after your mother's decease.

    (1992)
    Ascent:
    Meaning: when someone or something climbs or moves upwards
    Use in sentence: As the plane made its ascent, we saw thick smoke coming from one engine.

    Assent:
    Meaning: official agreement to or approval of an idea, plan or request
    Use in sentence: Once the directors have given their assent to the proposal we can begin.


    Pair of Words (1992)

    Ballot:
    Meaning: a system or occasion of secret voting
    Use in sentence: They decided to hold a ballot.

    Ballet:
    Meaning: a type of dancing where carefully organized movements tell a story or express an idea
    Use in sentence: By the age of fifteen he had already composed his first ballet.

    Corps:
    Meaning: a military unit trained to perform particular duties
    Use in sentence: The EU could set up the "external action service,” a kind of EU diplomatic corps.

    Corpse:
    Meaning: a dead body, usually of a person
    Use in sentence: In the morning they found his corpse on the ground.

    Due:
    Meaning: expected to happen, arrive, etc. at a particular time
    Use in sentence: The next meeting is due to be held in three months' time.
    Dew:
    Meaning: drops of water that form on the ground and other surfaces outside during the night
    Use in sentence: There was moderate dew on the grass.
    Diary:
    Meaning: a book with a separate space or page for each day, in which you write down your future arrangements, meetings, etc., or one used to record your thoughts and feelings or what has happened on that day
    Use in sentence: Don't forget to write the date of the meeting in your diary.
    Dairy:
    Meaning:
    A commercial establishment for processing or selling milk and milk products.
    Use in sentence: Dairy farm may be supplied by water from a nearby spring.



    Pair of Words (1992)

    Momentary:
    Meaning: lasting for a very short time
    Use in sentence: Be careful not to make even momentary short circuits with metal tools.

    Momentous:
    Meaning: very important because of effects on future events
    Use in sentence: Whether or not to move overseas was a momentous decision for the family.

    Route:
    Meaning: a particular way or direction between places
    Use in sentence: The route we had planned took us right across Greece.

    Rout:
    Meaning: to defeat an enemy completely and force them to run away
    Use in sentence: The Russian chess team has routed all the rest.
    (1993)
    Queue:
    Meaning: a line of people, usually standing or in cars, waiting for something
    Use in sentence: There was a long queue of traffic stretching down the road.

    Cue:
    Meaning: a signal for someone to do something
    Use in sentence: They started washing up, so that was our cue to leave the party.

    Differ:
    Meaning: to be not like something or someone else, either physically or in another way
    Use in sentence: The twins look alike, but they differ in temperament.

    Defer:
    Meaning: to delay something until a later time; to postpone
    Use in sentence: My bank has agreed to defer the repayments on my loan while I'm still a student.

    Pair of Words (1993)

    Conscious:
    Meaning: to notice that a particular thing or person exists or is present
    Use in sentence: I think she's very conscious of being the only person in the office who didn't have a university education.

    Conscience:
    Meaning: the part of you that judges how moral your own actions are and makes you feel guilty about bad things that you have done
    Use in sentence: You didn't do anything wrong - you should have a clear conscience.

    Confidant:
    Meaning: a person you trust and share your feelings and secrets with
    Use in sentence: Within a few short years he was a trusted confidant.

    Confidante:
    Meaning: a woman or girl confidant
    Use in sentence: Within a few short years he was a trusted confidant.

    Atheist:
    Meaning: someone who believes that God or gods do not exist
    Use in sentence: I know an atheist who says ' Oh god!

    Agnostic:
    Meaning:
    someone who does not know, or believes that it is impossible to know, whether a god exists
    Use in sentence: Although he was raised a Catholic, he was an agnostic for most of his adult life.
    Loose:
    Meaning: not firmly fixed in place
    Use in sentence: There were some loose wires hanging out of the wall.
    Lose:
    Meaning: to no longer have something because you do not know where it is, or because it has been taken away from you
    Use in sentence: I've lost my ticket.




    Pair of Words (1995)

    Yew:
    Meaning: an evergreen tree with flat leaves like needles and small red cones, or the wood from this tree
    Use in sentence: There is little sound except for the breeze stirring in the churchyard yew trees.

    Eue:
    Meaning: Unable to find this word in dictionaries
    Use in sentence: An eue passed in his life which made him dull for an year.

    Allusive:
    Meaning: containing a lot of allusions
    Use in sentence: Her music is allusive.

    Elusive:
    Meaning: difficult to describe, find, achieve or remember
    Use in sentence: The answers to these questions remain as elusive as ever.

    Ladylike:
    Meaning: graceful, controlled and behaving in a way that is socially acceptable for a woman
    Use in sentence: Laura is very ladylike and elegant.

    Ladyship:
    Meaning: a respectful way of referring to or talking to a woman or girl who has the rank of a peer or knight without using her title
    Use in sentence: We are honored to welcome your ladyship here tonight.

    (1996)
    Altogether:
    Meaning: completely or in total
    Use in sentence: The government ought to abolish the tax altogether.

    All together:
    Meaning: all at the same time
    Use in sentence: The last time we were all together was in 1999.



    Pair of Words (1996)

    Ambiguous:
    Meaning: having or expressing more than one possible meaning, sometimes intentionally
    Use in sentence: His reply to my question was somewhat ambiguous.

    Ambivalent:
    Meaning: having two opposing feelings at the same time, or being uncertain about how you feel
    Use in sentence: I felt very ambivalent about leaving home.

    Appraise:
    Meaning: to examine someone or something in order to judge their qualities, success or needs
    Use in sentence: At the end of each teaching practice, trainee teachers are asked to appraise their own performance.

    Apprise:
    Meaning: to tell someone about something
    Use in sentence: The President has been apprised of the situation.

    Bad:
    Meaning: unpleasant; causing difficulties or harm
    Use in sentence: Our holiday was spoiled by bad weather.

    Badly:
    Meaning:
    in a severe and harmful way
    Use in sentence: She was badly affected by the events in her childhood.

    Compare:
    Meaning: to examine or look for the difference between two or more things
    Use in sentence: If you compare house prices in the two areas, it's quite amazing how different they are.

    Contrast:
    Meaning: an obvious difference between two or more things
    Use in sentence: The antique furnishing provides an unusual contrast to the modernity of the building.



    Pair of Words (1996)

    Deduce:
    Meaning: to reach an answer or a decision by thinking carefully about the known facts
    Use in sentence: We cannot deduce very much from these figures.

    Imply:
    Meaning: to communicate an idea or feeling without saying it directly
    Use in sentence: I detected an implied criticism of the way he was treated.

    Differ from:
    Meaning: to be not like something or someone else, either physically or in another way
    Use in sentence: His views differ considerably from those of his parents.

    Differ with:
    Meaning: to disagree
    Use in sentence: I beg to differ with you on that point.

    Farther:
    Meaning: to a greater distance
    Use in sentence: The fog's so thick, I can't see farther than about ten meters.

    Further:
    Meaning: to a greater distance or degree; at a more advanced level
    Use in sentence: We discussed the problem but we didn't get much further in actually solving it.

    (1998)
    Occlude:
    Meaning: to close, shut, or block
    Use in sentence: I try to set the end distance (at which the fog totally occludes everything) no lower than 4000.

    Occult:
    Meaning: relating to magical powers and activities, such as those of witchcraft and astrology
    Use in sentence: She claims to have occult powers, given to her by some mysterious spirit.

    Pair of Words (1998)


    Practical:
    Meaning: relating to experience, real situations or actions rather than ideas or imagination
    Use in sentence: Qualifications are important but practical experience is always an advantage.

    Practicable:
    Meaning: able to be done or put into action
    Use in sentence: The troops will be brought home as soon as practicable.

    Raze:
    Meaning: to completely destroy a city, building, etc
    Use in sentence: The town was razed to the ground in the bombing raid - not a building was left standing.
    Raise:
    Meaning: to lift something to a higher position
    Use in sentence: Would all those in favor please raise their hands?

    Canon:
    Meaning: a Christian priest with special duties in a cathedral
    Use in sentence: He was first appointed as a residentiary canon and only became Chancellor after several years with us.

    Cannon:
    Meaning: a large, mounted piece of artillery; sometimes, specif., a large gun with a relatively short barrel, as a howitzer
    Use in sentence: Instead of eight machine guns, it now had twelve, or four 20mm cannon.

    Avenge:
    Meaning: to do harm to or punish the person responsible for something bad done to you
    Use in sentence: He swore he would avenge his brother's death.

    Revenge:
    Meaning: harm done to someone as a punishment for harm that they have done to someone else
    Use in sentence: He is believed to have been shot by a rival gang in revenge for the shootings last week.

    Pair of Words (1998)


    Caret:
    Meaning: a mark (‸) used in writing or in correcting proof, to show where something is to be inserted
    Use in sentence: Some screen readers use the system caret to determine which area of the screen to read or magnify.

    Carat:
    Meaning: a unit for measuring the weight of jewels
    Use in sentence: 24-carat gold is the purest.

    Revel:
    Meaning: to separate the parts, esp. threads
    Use in sentence: The road raveled rapidly and became merely a pile of loose stones.

    Reveal:
    Meaning: to make known or show something that is surprising or that was previously secret
    Use in sentence: He was jailed for revealing secrets to the Russians.

    Aviary:
    Meaning: a large cage or closed space in which birds are kept as pets
    Use in sentence: I have an aviary with 17 birds.

    Apiary:
    Meaning: a place where people keep bees, especially a collection of hives kept to provide honey
    Use in sentence: I once visited an apiary where there were numerous cardboard boxes scattered around.

    Demesne:
    Meaning: possession of real property in one's own right.
    Use in sentence: The manor of Melbourne was part of the ancient demesne of the crown.

    Demean:
    Meaning: to cause someone to become less respected
    Use in sentence: The entire family was demeaned by his behavior.

    Pair of Words (2001)

    Brooch:
    Meaning: a small piece of jewelry with a pin at the back that is fastened to a woman's clothes
    Use in sentence: She wore a small silver brooch.

    Broad:
    Meaning: very wide
    Use in sentence: We walked down a broad avenue lined with trees.

    Collision:
    Meaning: an accident that happens when two vehicles hit each other with force
    Use in sentence: There has been a collision on the southbound stretch of the motorway.

    Collusion:
    Meaning: agreement between people to act together secretly or illegally in order to deceive or cheat someone
    Use in sentence: It is thought that they worked in collusion with the terrorist network.

    Fain:
    Meaning: glad; ready
    Use in sentence: He is fain to do all things himself.

    Feign:
    Meaning: to pretend to feel something, usually an emotion
    Use in sentence: You know how everyone feigns surprise when you tell them how old you are.

    Hoard:
    Meaning: to collect large amounts of something and keep it in a safe, often secret, place
    Use in sentence: During the siege people began hoarding food and supplies.

    Horde:
    Meaning: a large group of people
    Use in sentence: Hordes of students on bikes made crossing the road difficult.


    (2004)
    Auger:
    Meaning: a tool consisting of a twisted rod of metal fixed to a handle, used for making large holes in wood or in the ground
    Use in sentence: In order to measure the pH directly; the kit includes a plastic auger to perforate the ground.

    Augur:
    Meaning: to be a sign of especially good or bad things in the future
    Use in sentence: Do you think that this recent ministerial announcement augurs a shift in government policy?

    Fain:
    Meaning: glad; ready
    Use in sentence: He is fain to do all things himself.

    Feign:
    Meaning: to pretend to feel something, usually an emotion
    Use in sentence: You know how everyone feigns surprise when you tell them how old you are.

    Emigrate:
    Meaning: to leave a country permanently and go to live in another one
    Use in sentence: Millions of Germans emigrated from Europe to America in the nineteenth century.
    Immigrate:
    Meaning: to come to live in a different country
    Use in sentence: He immigrated with his parents in 1895, and grew up in London.

    Pair of Words (2004)

    Envy:
    Meaning: to wish that you had something that another person has
    Use in sentence: I envy her ability to talk to people she's never met before.

    Jealousy:
    Meaning: a feeling of unhappiness and anger because someone has something that you want
    Use in sentence: The team has performed very badly this season due to petty jealousies among the players.

    Invade:
    Meaning: to enter an area of activity in a forceful and noticeable way
    Use in sentence: Concentrations of troops near the border look set to invade within the next few days.

    Attack:
    Meaning: to try to hurt or defeat using violence
    Use in sentence: He was attacked and seriously injured by a gang of youths.

    Trifling:
    Meaning: A trifling matter or amount of money is small or not important
    Use in sentence: It was such a trifling sum of money to argue about!

    Trivial:
    Meaning: having little value or importance
    Use in sentence: I don't know why he gets so upset about something that is utterly trivial.

    Simulation:
    Meaning: a model of a set of problems or events that can be used to teach someone how to do something
    Use in sentence: The manager prepared a computer simulation of likely sales performance for the rest of the year.

    Dissimulation:
    Meaning: To conceal one's true feelings or intentions.
    Use in sentence: As an actress she had been trained to dissimulate, so she had no trouble hiding her true feelings offstage as well.

    Pair of Words (2004)

    Venal:
    Meaning: A venal person is willing to behave in a way that is not honest or moral in exchange for money
    Use in sentence: A venal ruler

    Venial:
    Meaning: describes a wrong action that is not serious and therefore easy to forgive
    Use in sentence: Aristocracy is not an institution: aristocracy is a sin; generally a very venial one.
    (2005)
    Counsel:
    Meaning: to give advice, especially on social or personal problems
    Use in sentence: The police have provided experts to counsel local people affected by the tragedy.

    Council:
    Meaning: a group of people elected or chosen to make decisions or give advice on a particular subject, to represent a particular group of people, or to run a particular organization
    Use in sentence: This play is supported by a grant from the local arts council.

    Distinct:
    Meaning: clearly noticeable; that certainly exists
    Use in sentence: There's a distinct smell of cigarettes in here.

    Distinctive:
    Meaning: Something that is distinctive is easy to recognize because it is different from other things
    Use in sentence: She's got a very distinctive voice.

    Deprecate
    Meaning: to not approve of something
    Use in sentence: We deprecate this use of company funds for political purposes.

    Depreciate:
    Meaning: to (cause something to) lose value, especially over time
    Use in sentence: Our car depreciated by $1500 in the first year we owned it.

    Pair of Words (2005)

    Apposite:
    Meaning: suitable and right for the occasion
    Use in sentence: It is, however, apposite to note that this process will continue in the year ahead.

    Opposite:
    Meaning: completely different
    Use in sentence: You'd never know they're sisters - they're completely opposite to each other in every way.

    Punctual:
    Meaning: arriving, doing something or happening at the expected, correct time
    Use in sentence: He's fairly punctual.

    Punctilious:
    Meaning: very careful to behave correctly or to give attention to details
    Use in sentence: He was always punctilious in his manners.

    Judicial:
    Meaning: involving a court of law
    Use in sentence: The defense team will seek a judicial review of the sentence.

    Judicious:
    Meaning: having or showing reason and good judgment in making decisions
    Use in sentence: We should make judicious use of the resources available to us.

    Salutary:
    Meaning: causing improvement of behavior or character
    Use in sentence: It is however salutary to remember the genuine need for originality in the creation of a copyright protectable database.

    Salubrious:
    Meaning: describes a place that is pleasant, clean, and healthy to live in
    Use in sentence: He doesn't live in a very salubrious part of town.





    Pair of Words (2005)


    Canvas:
    Meaning: a piece of cloth used by artists for painting on, usually with oil paints, or the painting itself
    Use in sentence: These two canvases by Hockney would sell for £500 000.
    Canvass:
    Meaning: to try to get political support or votes, especially by visiting all the houses in an area
    Use in sentence: I've been out canvassing for the Labor Party every evening this week.
    (2006)
    Voracity:
    Meaning: excessive desire to eat
    Use in sentence: On reaching the ship they were offered some bread, which they devoured with a voracious appetite.

    Veracity:
    Meaning: the quality of being true, honest or accurate
    Use in sentence: The veracity of the second claim can be tested against the findings of archeology.

    Persecute:
    Meaning: to treat someone unfairly or cruelly over a long period of time because of their race, religion, or political beliefs or to annoy someone by refusing to leave them alone
    Use in sentence: Religious minorities were persecuted and massacred during the ten-year regime.

    Prosecute:
    Meaning: to officially accuse someone of committing a crime in a court of law, or (of a lawyer) to try to prove that a person accused of committing a crime is guilty of that crime
    Use in sentence: He was prosecuted for fraud.








    Pair of Words (2006)

    Loath:
    Meaning: to be unwilling to do something
    Use in sentence: I'm loath to spend it all at once.

    Loathe:
    Meaning: to hate someone or something
    Use in sentence: From an early age the brothers have loathed each other

    Moat:
    Meaning: a long wide hole which is dug all the way around a place such as a castle, and usually filled with water, to make it more difficult to attack
    Use in sentence: The site of the manor house is surrounded by a narrow moat which is fed by water from the New River.

    Mote:
    Meaning: something, especially a bit of dust, that is so small it is almost impossible to see
    Use in sentence: Dust motes swam alongside the gloomy corridor.

    Ingenious:
    Meaning: very clever and skillful
    Use in sentence: She was ingenious at finding ways to work more quickly.

    Ingenuous:
    Meaning: honest, sincere and trusting/ showing innocent or childlike simplicity and candidness
    Use in sentence: It has to be said it was rather ingenuous of him to ask a complete stranger to look after his luggage.

    Fain:
    Meaning: glad; ready
    Use in sentence: He is fain to do all things himself.

    Feign:
    Meaning: to pretend to feel something, usually an emotion
    Use in sentence: You know how everyone feigns surprise when you tell them how old you are.


    Pair of Words (2006)

    Wreck:
    Meaning: to destroy or badly damage something
    Use in sentence: Our greenhouse was wrecked in last night's storm.

    Wreak:
    Meaning: to cause something to happen in a violent and often uncontrolled way
    Use in sentence: The recent storms have wreaked havoc on crops.

    Immigrant:
    Meaning: a person who has come to a different country in order to live there permanently
    Use in sentence: Illegal immigrants are sent back across the border if they are caught.

    Emigrant:
    Meaning: a person who emigrates
    Use in sentence: There was only a small number of emigrants on board.

    (2007)
    Affluence:
    Meaning: having a lot of money or owning a lot of things
    Use in sentence: What we are seeing increasingly is a society of private affluence and public squalor.

    Effluence:
    Meaning: a thing that flows out or forth
    Use in sentence: How can Reef Entertainment justify releasing this effluence on the general public?

    Wretch:
    Meaning: a person who experiences something unpleasant
    Use in sentence: A gentleman said that a week ago he was the wretch in the county, but now saved.

    Retch:
    Meaning: to react in a way as if you are vomiting
    Use in sentence: The sight of blood makes him retch.



    Pair of Words (2006)

    Euphemistic:
    Meaning: a word or phrase used to avoid saying an unpleasant or offensive word
    Use in sentence: 'Senior citizen' is a euphemism for 'old person'.

    Euphuistic:
    Meaning: Affected elegance of language.
    Use in sentence: Euphuistic style has been used in many of his writings.

    Amoral:
    Meaning: without moral principles
    Use in sentence: The spies are younger, less jaded but equally cynical and still operating in a wholly amoral world.

    Immoral:
    Meaning: morally wrong
    Use in sentence: It's an immoral tax, because the poor will pay relatively more.

    Imperial:
    Meaning: belonging or relating to an empire or the person or country that rules it
    Use in sentence: Delhi is a city of two centers, comprising imperial Lutyens architecture and numerous monuments to the Moghul Empire.

    Imperious:
    Meaning: unpleasantly proud and expecting obedience
    Use in sentence: He sent them away with an imperious wave of the hand.

    Degrade:
    Meaning: to lower in rank or status
    Use in sentence: He likes to degrade people by calling them embarrassing names.

    Denigrate:
    Meaning:
    to say that someone or something is not good or important
    Use in sentence: You shouldn't denigrate people just because they have different beliefs from you.



    Pair of Words (2006)

    Temporal:
    Meaning: relating to practical matters or physical things, rather than spiritual ones
    Use in sentence: Her starting point: 'The future is the only temporal area over which people have power’.

    Temporary:
    Meaning: not lasting or needed for very long
    Use in sentence: The ceasefire will only provide a temporary solution to the crisis.

    Precipitate:
    Meaning:
    to make something happen suddenly or sooner than expected
    Use in sentence: Fear of losing her job precipitated her into action.

    Precipitous:
    Meaning: sheer
    Use in sentence: Precipitous slopes of Reid's Ridge are visible on the right.

    (2008)
    Mitigate:

    Meaning: to make something less harmful, unpleasant or bad
    Use in sentence: It is unclear how to mitigate the effects of tourism on the island.

    Alleviate:
    Meaning: to make something bad such as pain or problems less severe
    Use in sentence: The drugs did nothing to alleviate her pain/suffering.


    Adverse:
    Meaning: having a negative or harmful effect on something
    Use in sentence: The match has been canceled due to adverse weather conditions.

    Averse:
    Meaning: strongly disliking or opposed to
    Use in sentence: Few MPs are averse to the attention of the media.



    Pair of Words (2006)

    Persecute:
    Meaning: to treat someone unfairly or cruelly over a long period of time because of their race, religion, or political beliefs or to annoy someone by refusing to leave them alone
    Use in sentence: Religious minorities were persecuted and massacred during the ten-year regime.

    Prosecute:
    Meaning: to officially accuse someone of committing a crime in a court of law, or (of a lawyer) to try to prove that a person accused of committing a crime is guilty of that crime
    Use in sentence: He was prosecuted for fraud.

    Popular:
    Meaning: liked, enjoyed or supported by many people
    Use in sentence: She's the most popular teacher in school.

    Populace:
    Meaning: the ordinary people who live in a particular country or place
    Use in sentence: Some studies show that workers in the nuclear industry are more likely than the general populace to get cancer.

    Compliment:
    Meaning: remark that expresses approval, admiration or respect
    Use in sentence: I take it as a compliment when people say I look like my mother.

    Complement:
    Meaning: to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it
    Use in sentence: The music complements her voice perfectly

    Excite:
    Meaning: to make someone have strong feelings of happiness and enthusiasm
    Use in sentence: Nothing about my life excites me at present.

    Incite:
    Meaning: to encourage someone to do or feel something unpleasant or violent
    Use in sentence: She was expelled for inciting her classmates to rebel against their teachers. (Pair Repeated: 1)

    Voracity:
    Meaning: excessive desire to eat
    Use in sentence: On reaching the ship they were offered some bread, which they devoured with a voracious appetite.

    Veracity:
    Meaning: the quality of being true, honest or accurate
    Use in sentence: The veracity of the second claim can be tested against the findings of archeology. (Pair Repeated: 2)

    Virtuous:
    Meaning: having good moral qualities and behavior
    Use in sentence: He described them as a virtuous and hard-working people.

    Virtual:
    Meaning: describes something that can be done or seen using a computer and therefore without going anywhere or talking to anyone
    Use in sentence: In tests, we have found the virtual machine runs at a reasonable speed. (Pair Repeated: 3)

    Exceptional:
    Meaning: much greater than usual, especially in skill, intelligence, quality, etc
    Use in sentence: The Company has shown exceptional growth over the past two years.

    Exceptionable:
    Meaning: offensive or upsetting
    Use in sentence: This action is normally only taken in exceptionable circumstances. (Pair Repeated: 1)



    English (Précis and Composition) 2009



    Persecute:
    Meaning: to treat someone unfairly or cruelly over a long period of time because of their race, religion, or political beliefs or to annoy someone by refusing to leave them alone
    Use in sentence: Religious minorities were persecuted and massacred during the ten-year regime.

    Prosecute:
    Meaning: to officially accuse someone of committing a crime in a court of law, or (of a lawyer) to try to prove that a person accused of committing a crime is guilty of that crime
    Use in sentence: He was prosecuted for fraud. (Pair Repeated: 4)

    Luxuriant:
    Meaning: growing thickly, strongly and well
    Use in sentence: This stretch of land was once covered with luxuriant forest, but is now bare.

    Luxurious:
    Meaning: very comfortable and expensive
    Use in sentence: They have a very luxurious house.

    Mean:
    Meaning: to express or represent something such as an idea, thought, or fact
    Use in sentence: These figures mean that almost 7% of the working population is unemployed.

    Mien:
    Meaning: a person's appearance, especially the typical expression on their face
    Use in sentence: His aristocratic mien and smart clothes singled him out.

    Observation:
    Meaning:
    when you observe something or someone
    Use in sentence: The police are keeping the suspect under observation.

    Observance:
    Meaning: when someone obeys a law or follows a religious custom
    Use in sentence: The State must enforce the observance of human rights in its domestic legal order.

    Naughty:
    Meaning: not behaving properly; mischievous or disobedient
    Use in sentence: Now that's naughty - you mustn't throw food on the floor!

    Knotty:
    Meaning: complicated and difficult to solve
    Use in sentence: That's rather a knotty question.

    Ghostly:
    Meaning: pale and transparent
    Use in sentence: The image is fading which gives the figure a rather ghostly appearance.

    Ghastly:
    Meaning: unpleasant and shocking
    Use in sentence: Today's newspaper gives all the ghastly details of the murder.

    Hew:
    Meaning: to cut a large piece out of rock, stone or another hard material in a rough way
    Use in sentence: The monument was hewn out of the side of a mountain.

    Hue:
    Meaning: a particular shade or tint of a given color
    Use in sentence: In the Caribbean waters there are fish of every hue.



    English (Précis and Composition) 2010




    Maize:
    Meaning: a tall plant grown in many parts of the world for its yellow seeds which are eaten as food, made into flour or fed to animals
    Use in sentence: Some of our foods may contain ingredients produced from genetically modified maize.

    Maze:
    Meaning: An intricate, usually confusing network of interconnecting pathways
    Use in sentence: The old part of the town was a maze of narrow passages.

    Medal:
    Meaning: a small, flat piece of metal with a design or inscription stamped or inscribed on it, made to commemorate some event, or awarded for some distinguished action
    Use in sentence: She won three Olympic gold medals.

    Meddle:
    Meaning: to concern oneself with or take part in other people's affairs without being asked or needed
    Use in sentence: People shouldn't meddle with things they don't understand.

    Imperial:
    Meaning: belonging or relating to an empire or the person or country that rules it
    Use in sentence: Delhi is a city of two centers, comprising imperial Lutyens architecture and numerous monuments to the Moghul Empire.

    Imperious:
    Meaning: unpleasantly proud and expecting obedience
    Use in sentence: He sent them away with an imperious wave of the hand. (Pair repeated: 1)

    Voracity:
    Meaning: excessive desire to eat
    Use in sentence: On reaching the ship they were offered some bread, which they devoured with a voracious appetite.

    Veracity:
    Meaning: the quality of being true, honest or accurate
    Use in sentence: The veracity of the second claim can be tested against the findings of archeology. (Pair Repeated: 3)

    Illusion:
    Meaning: an idea or belief which is not true
    Use in sentence: He had no illusions about his talents as a singer.

    Allusion:
    Meaning: something that is said or written that is intended to make you think of a particular thing or person
    Use in sentence: Her novels are packed with literary allusions. (Pair repeated: 2)

    Ordinance:
    Meaning: a law or rule made by a government or authority
    Use in sentence: City Ordinance 126 forbids car parking in this area.

    Ordnance:
    Meaning: all military weapons together with ammunition, combat vehicles, etc. and the equipment and supplies used in servicing these
    Use in sentence: Do not touch any military ordnance that may be found lying around this area.

    Willing:
    Meaning: to be happy to do something if it is needed
    Use in sentence: You said you needed a volunteer - well, I'm willing.

    Willful:
    Meaning: said or done deliberately or intentionally
    Use in sentence: Willful killing is a grave breach.



    English (Précis and Composition) 2011



    Capital:
    Meaning: a city which is the centre of government of a country or smaller political area
    Use in sentence: Australia's capital city is Canberra.

    Capitol:
    Meaning: the building in which a state legislature meets
    Use in sentence: A state legislature will meet in a capitol building.

    Assay:
    Meaning: an examination or testing
    Use in sentence: A positive result has been obtained in a mouse lymphoma assay.

    Essay:
    Meaning: attempt/ a short piece of writing on a particular subject
    Use in sentence: The Diploma is assessed by three essays of 3,000 words each.

    Envelop:
    Meaning: to cover or surround something completely
    Use in sentence: The graveyard looked ghostly, enveloped in mist.

    Envelope:
    Meaning: a flat, usually square or rectangular, paper container for a letter
    Use in sentence: A stamped, addressed envelope should be enclosed for reply.

    Decree:
    Meaning: an official statement that something must happen
    Use in sentence: More than 200 people were freed by military decree.

    Degree:
    Meaning: amount or level of something
    Use in sentence: This job demands a high degree of skill.

    Desolate:
    Meaning: describes a place that is empty and not attractive
    Use in sentence: The house stood in a bleak and desolate landscape.

    Dissolute:
    Meaning:
    immoral
    Use in sentence: He led a dissolute life.

    Species:
    Meaning: a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other
    Use in sentence: Over a hundred species of insect are found in this area.

    Specie:
    Meaning: Coined money
    Use in sentence: The next insinuation is that the Bank has refused specie payments.

    Tortuous:
    Meaning: not direct or simple
    Use in sentence: He took a tortuous route through back streets.

    Torturous:
    Meaning: causing torture
    Use in sentence: It was torturous to think that he could have stopped the boy from running into the road.

    Wet:
    Meaning: covered in water or another liquid
    Use in sentence: My bike got wet in the rain.

    Whet:
    Meaning:
    to increase someone's interest in and wish for something
    Use in sentence: I've read an excerpt of the book on the Web and it's whetted my appetite.



    English (Précis and Composition) 2013

    Adjoin:
    Meaning: be next to and joined with
    Use in sentence: The kitchen adjoins the dining room.

    Adjourn:
    Meaning: break off (a meeting, legal case, or game) with the intention of resuming it later
    Use in sentence: The meeting was adjourned until December 4th.

    Allay:
    Meaning: diminish or put at rest (fear, suspicion, or worry)
    Use in sentence: The report attempted to educate the public and allay fears.

    Ally:
    Meaning: a person or organization that cooperates with or helps another in a particular activity
    Use in sentence: He was forced to dismiss his closest political ally.

    Bases:
    Meaning: plural form of basis
    Use in sentence:

    Basis:
    Meaning: the underlying support or foundation for an idea, argument, or process; status
    Use in sentence: Trust is the only basis for a good working relationship. She needed coaching on a regular basis.

    Click:
    Meaning: a short, sharp sound as of a switch being operated or of two hard objects coming quickly into contact
    Use in sentence: She heard the click of the door.

    Clique:
    Meaning: a small group of people, with shared interests, who spend time together and do not readily allow others to join them; Circle
    Use in sentence: Almost no one from her clique showed up at the reunion.

    Distract:
    Meaning: prevent (someone) from giving full attention to something
    Use in sentence: Don't allow noise to distract you from your work.

    Detract:
    Meaning: reduce or take away the value of
    Use in sentence: These quibbles in no way detract from her achievement.

    Liable:
    Meaning: responsible by law
    Use in sentence: The supplier of goods can become liable for breach of contract in a variety of ways.

    Libel:
    Meaning: a published false statement that is damaging to a person's reputation
    Use in sentence: She sued two newspapers for libel.

  2. #2
    Junior Member
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    Oct 2016
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    Ghotki, Mirpur Mathelo
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    where are the others: 2014 , 2015 , 2016

  3. #3
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Apr 2015
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    5
    please complete the list of pair of words. It's very useful to have such a handy arrangement of the words. Thanks.

  4. #4
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Apr 2015
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    7
    English (Précis and Composition) 2015

    (i)
    Plaintiff
    Meaning: a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
    Sentence: The plaintiff commenced an action for damages.
    Plaintive
    Meaning: sounding sad and mournful
    Sentence: Hamer declared in her plaintive, outspoken way: “I am sick and tired of being sick and tired!”
    (ii) Valet
    Meaning: A person employed to clean or park cars
    Sentence: He handed his keys to the parking valet
    Varlet
    Meaning: an attendant or servant
    Sentence: At one time he took service with a minstrel and was his varlet.
    (iii) Monitor
    Meaning: observe and check the progress or quality of (something) over a period of time; keep under systematic review
    Sentence: Equipment was installed to monitor air quality.
    Mentor
    Meaning: an experienced and trusted adviser.
    Sentence: He was her friend and mentor until his death.
    (iv) Complacent
    Meaning: pleased, especially with oneself or one's merits, advantages, situation, etc., often without awareness of some potential danger or defect; self-satisfied
    Sentence: The voters are too complacent to change the government.
    Complaisant
    Meaning: inclined or disposed to please; obliging; agreeable or gracious; compliant:
    Sentence: But these complaisant men soon repented of their submission.
    (v) Penitence
    Meaning: the state of being penitent; regret for one's wrongdoing or sinning; contrition; repentance.
    Sentence: The writer prays to God in penitence.
    Penance
    Meaning: punishment inflicted on oneself as an outward expression of repentance for wrongdoing.
    Sentence: He had done public penance for those hasty words.
    (vi) Crevice
    Meaning: a narrow opening or fissure, especially in a rock or wall; cleft; rift; fissure.
    Sentence: Many creatures hide in crevices in the rock
    Crevasse
    Meaning: a deep open crack, especially one in a glacier.
    Sentence: He rescued his climbing partner from a crevasse.
    (vii) Beneficent
    Meaning: (of a person) generous or doing good; kindly in action or purpose.
    Sentence: A beneficent landowner.
    Beneficial
    Meaning: resulting in good; favourable or advantageous.
    Sentence: The beneficial effect of sunshine.(i) Plaintiff
    Meaning: a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
    Sentence: The plaintiff commenced an action for damages.
    Plaintive
    Meaning: sounding sad and mournful
    Sentence: Hamer declared in her plaintive, outspoken way: “I am sick and tired of being sick and tired!”
    (ii) Valet
    Meaning: A person employed to clean or park cars
    Sentence: He handed his keys to the parking valet
    Varlet
    Meaning: an attendant or servant
    Sentence: At one time he took service with a minstrel and was his varlet.
    (iii) Monitor
    Meaning: observe and check the progress or quality of (something) over a period of time; keep under systematic review
    Sentence: Equipment was installed to monitor air quality.
    Mentor
    Meaning: an experienced and trusted adviser.
    Sentence: He was her friend and mentor until his death.
    (iv) Complacent
    Meaning: pleased, especially with oneself or one's merits, advantages, situation, etc., often without awareness of some potential danger or defect; self-satisfied
    Sentence: The voters are too complacent to change the government.
    Complaisant
    Meaning: inclined or disposed to please; obliging; agreeable or gracious; compliant:
    Sentence: But these complaisant men soon repented of their submission.
    (v) Penitence
    Meaning: the state of being penitent; regret for one's wrongdoing or sinning; contrition; repentance.
    Sentence: The writer prays to God in penitence.
    Penance
    Meaning: punishment inflicted on oneself as an outward expression of repentance for wrongdoing.
    Sentence: He had done public penance for those hasty words.
    (vi) Crevice
    Meaning: a narrow opening or fissure, especially in a rock or wall; cleft; rift; fissure.
    Sentence: Many creatures hide in crevices in the rock
    Crevasse
    Meaning: a deep open crack, especially one in a glacier.
    Sentence: He rescued his climbing partner from a crevasse.
    (vii) Beneficent
    Meaning: (of a person) generous or doing good; kindly in action or purpose.
    Sentence: A beneficent landowner.
    Beneficial
    Meaning: resulting in good; favourable or advantageous.
    Sentence: The beneficial effect of sunshine.

 

 

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